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Guinea Pig Care Sheet


Posted January 11, 2012 by

Guinea Pig Care Sheet

Guinea Pigs are social animals that make great starter companion pets.

Size:  8-12 inches

Lifespan:  6+ years

Diet:  Guinea Pigs eat a wide variety of vegetarian foods.  There are specialty guinea pig foods on the market that satisfy their nutritional requirements pretty well.  They love to eat grasses and hay.  They also love fruits and vegetables.  Vegetables should be offered daily, while fruits should be given once a week.  Some fruits and vegetables aren’t good for your guinea pig, so please stick to the list below when choosing foods for your guinea pig.  Be sure to thoroughly wash any fruits or vegetables you are feeding to your pet.  As a side note, guinea pigs can’t make their own Vitamin C.  Foods that supplement Vitamin C are essential to your guinea pig’s health (recovery from illnesses, prevention of scurvy).


  • Apple
  • Apricots
  • Blackberries
  • Grapes (Seedless)
  • Peach
  • Pears
  • Raspberries
  • Strawberries


  • Asparagus
  • Broccoli
  • Carrots
  • Chopped Celery
  • Cucumbers
  • Grass
  • Kale
  • Peppers

Temperature:  Room temperature is fine.  Avoid extreme temperatures or fluctuations.

Habitat:  Guinea pigs need a lot of room to be happy and stress-free.  A large cage should be used – about 6 square feet for one guinea pig.  Suitable substrates include newspaper, paper-product bedding.  Wood chip beddings are not recommended, since they can cause abrasions and may contain mites.  A water bottle is necessary so your pet can get a drink when needed.

Final Notes:  Guinea pigs are social animals and love the company of people or other guinea pigs.  They vocalize regularly.  Squeals and whistles can often be heard when your guinea pig is excited about something.  They make a few different kinds of purring noises.  Some purrs are a sign of annoyance, such as short purrs or purrs accompanying body trembling.  A calm guinea pig making a long and deep purring sound is usually indicative of a content guinea pig.  Teeth chattering is a serious vocalization from a guinea pig.  It means they are very angry and should be left alone immediately.

I hope this guinea pig care sheet was helpful.  Here are some other guinea pig articles worth checking out…


Abyssinian Guinea Pig Care and Information

Guinea Pig Mites

Guinea Pig Noise Meanings

Common Guinea Pig Illnesses


Vetta has a degree in Biology from The Pennsylvania State University. She has years of experience in keeping hamsters, gerbils, guinea pigs, ferrets, and rabbits.


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