Seahorses are certainly a peculiar genus of fish. While there are many interesting seahorse facts, this article focuses on what I consider to be the top 15 most interesting seahorse facts. So without further ado, here we go!
- There are seahorse species that are smaller than 1 inch long when fully grown (Pygmy Seahorse).
- Seahorses are the slowest fish in the ocean, according to Guinness World Records. The Dwarf Seahorse moves at under 5 feet per hour. Some seahorses move even slower. And you thought snails were slow!
- They change color whenever they are stressed. They can drastically change colors in order to camouflage themselves into their environment.
- Seahorses do not have scales like most other fish, they just have skin.
- Courting behavior is commonly observed in seahorses. A male will often court a female for days before potentially mating.
- As part of the courting ritual, the male will dance around and shoot jets of water through his pouch to show it is empty.
- During courting, seahorses will often link up by curling their tails around each other. They will float around, linked at their tails, for hours at a time.
- Seahorse pregnancy is probably one of the most interesting seahorse facts out there. The male seahorses get pregnant, not the females. How does this work? The female uses an ovipositor to expel her eggs into the male’s stomach pouch.
- Male seahorses fertilize the eggs after they are deposited into his pouch. They release their sperm into the surrounding water, which makes in its way to the eggs inside his pouch.
- During pregnancy, male seahorses produce some of the same hormones that pregnant mammal females do.
- A common misconception is that seahorses are monogamous for life. This usually isn’t true. What is true is that seahorses will often stay with the same mate throughout an entire breeding season.
- Declining seahorse populations can largely be attributed to Asian medicinal beliefs. Many Asian nations use seahorses as part of an herbal medicine regimen.
- When at rest, seahorses curl their tail around coral or seaweed so they don’t float away.
- Less than 1% of seahorse eggs develop into mature seahorses.
- Seahorses make clicking sounds when eating and when interacting with other seahorses.
There you have it. The top 15 seahorse facts (in my opinion). I hope you enjoyed the read, and if you have any seahorse facts to add, please be sure to comment below!
Check out this awesome video of a male seahorse giving birth!